Some photographs showing various basic techniques, nothing portfolio worthy!
Freezing is a very common technique. Given a scene with an object that moves at a certain speed, the photographer can capture it with a high shutter speed and freeze the action. This is an extremely basic example of this style of photography.
Motion blur is the apparent streaking of rapidly moving objects in a still image. It results when the image being recorded changes during the recording of a single frame, either due to rapid movement or long exposure. I have purposefully over sharpened these images to highlight the motion.
Panning is a photography technique performed through capturing an object in motion while moving the camera in parallel to the object. By moving the camera together with the object, the object remains sharp and the background becomes blurred. My first two examples are fairly unsuccessful due to my positioning road side. I was too close to the object (in this case a van) going past so did not have enough time or space to capture the motion in one swift movement- it filled my viewfinder. The best place for capturing this style of photo is in the curve/bend of a track where you are an equal distance from the vehicle at all times, thus maintaing the focus at all times.
Shallow depth of field
Depth of field (D.O.F) is the amount of distance between the nearest and farthest objects that appear in acceptably sharp focus in the photograph. A shallow depth of field simply means that one specific area of your photo is impecibly sharp while other elements remain blurred.
White balance is the process of removing unrealistic color casts, so that objects which appear white in person are rendered white in your photo. Proper camera white balance has to take into account the “color temperature” of a light source, which refers to the relative warmth or coolness of white light. Our eyes are very good at judging what is white under different light sources, but digital cameras often have great difficulty with auto white balance and can create unsightly blue, orange, or even green color casts.
Auto White Balance
Fluorescent White Balance
Shade White Balance
White Balance Preset
Exposure is the amount of light collected by the sensor (how much it allows in) in your camera during a single picture. If the shot is exposed too long the photograph will be washed out. If the shot is exposed too short the photograph will appear too dark, as demonstrated below.